Treatment for eczema varies. From special baths and moisturizers to home remedies and medicines, people with eczema may have tried all of these. Some may have worked while other options were totally useless. You may have tried any of these methods yourself yet still here you are reading this article, hoping this one will give information on the best way to treat eczema.
Taking the First Steps
If you have eczema, the first thing you have to do is to take good care of your skin. The best way to treat eczema is to take warm baths or showers as these will open up your pores and absorb moisture. Keeping the skin hydrated is the key to alleviating the most common discomforts of eczema, which is dry, itchy skin.
Do not use harsh soaps as this will aggravate your eczema. After each bath, gently pat your skin dry and immediately apply moisturizer so that the nourishing compounds will be absorbed and keep the skin moist.
Next, wear clothing made of cotton or soft fabrics that do not irritate the skin. Avoid fibrous and tight clothing that could irritate the skin and trigger a flare up.
Sweat can also cause a flare up so it is best to avoid physical activities that could make you perspire. It will also help to use a humidifier during dry or cold weather to keep your skin from becoming dry. Also learn what triggers your allergies and flare ups and avoid them. Keeping your fingernails short may prevent skin damage when scratching.
Another best way to treat eczema is to moisturize, moisturize and moisturize. Dermatologists recommend that you apply moisturizer at least 3 times daily to keep skin hydrated and improve barrier function. Moisturizer should also be applied soon after you wash your hands with a gentle soap or whenever they come in contact with water.
Moisturizing is an essential part of your skin care regimen and should be done even if your doctor has prescribed you an eczema medication. In fact, moisturizing enhances the drug’s effect and may even prevent a relapse of eczema.
The three basic classes of moisturizers commonly used are ointments, creams and lotions. Ask your dermatologist for the type of moisturizer that may work best for you.
These are the medications that are widely used by those who have eczema. Topical steroids work by reducing inflammation, ease irritation and minimize itching. As you feel relief from these symptoms, you stop scratching, thus, the skin is allowed to heal.
Corticosteroid is a type of steroid that is produced by the adrenal glands. When pharmaceutically-produced corticosteroid cream is applied to the skin, it temporarily alters the normal function of some cells and chemicals within the body, which leads to a decrease in inflammation.
Topical corticosteroids come in various strengths. For mild cases of eczema, medications bought over the counter generally works. However, for more severe cases, you will need medication with a higher strength, which requires a doctor’s prescription.
Other Treatment Options
If you have severe eczema, there are other treatments such as phototherapy and immunosuppressants that are effective, but may have side effects. You have to consult your doctor so that you will be given different options on the best way to treat eczema of this nature.